How to Play Volleyball

How to Play Volleyball

Playing the game

Volleyball is a team sport that imbibes positive vibes in team relationship and improvises the communication skills. The upper body strength increases and gives a whole lot of fun to the players. This following article will teach your how to play volleyball.

Playing Volleyball – Step 1:

How to Play Volleyball - TeamChoose the players: For this type of competitive game we will need at least 6 players. We must keep equal number of players in both the team even when we are playing among our friends.

  • There are 1 to 3 rows of players in each team. The first row is closest to the net and the back row is close to the rear boundary of the court.

  • The person in the back right corner of the court serves the ball. We can rotate the players each time so that every time there is a new player serving the ball.

  • If we rotate the players out, we should rotate them clockwise. On the right side, the player closest to the net rotates out thus allowing many players to play.

A good service game is not possible if only one player is allowed to serve. Rotation is a very important in how to play volleyball


Step 2:

How to serve volleyballWe should always serve the ball from behind the line which is at the back of the court otherwise if we serve it from front of the line we will not score any point. This fault is called foot fault. This is one of the errors made in such games and we should be careful about it. If the ball after the serve touches the net it will be another error. The serve is said to be good if the ball lands on the ground in the opponent team’s court. This scores a point for the serving team. This is a vital point in how to play volleyball.

  • The ball is considered to be good if the ball is grounded on the line.

  • The ball is served by the back row right side corner player in the team


Step 3:

How To Bump A VolleyballIf the person is in the receiving team, we have to return the ball and the rally begins! We have to bump, set the target and spike. This is the typical game strategy but its good till it crosses three consecutive hits.

  • The ball should not come to rest and for that we can hit the ball with any part of our body.
  • The ball cannot go out of the line, but the players can go over the line. We may run to retrieve the ball successfully so that is does not touch the ground, when a player hits it from out of the boundaries. This small points matters in how to play volleyball smartly and wisely.


Step 4:

how to play volleyballBasic Rules: Until a fault occurs we need to hit the ball back and forth to continue the rally because of any one of the following:

  • The ball is grounded.

  • If the ball hits the ground in the side of the serving teams, then the opponent team will get an opportunity to serve.

  • If the ball is grounded by the serving team in the opponent team’s court, then the serving team again gets an opportunity to serve the ball.

  • A point is rewarded to the team who prevents the ball from being grounded.

  • If a net foul occurs(if any player from one team touches the net) the opponent team scores a point

  • If someone’s foot goes under the net, the opponent teams receives a point.

  • Players can strike the ball only twice in a row

  • Without sending it over the net, the team can hit the ball 3 consecutive times.

These are some of the errors which one should not make. These are the volleyball basics one should remember while playing.

Step 5:

Serve the ball again: the team that has scored the point gets an opportunity to serve the ball. If are thinking of rotating, you should rotate now. These are good volleyball techniques.

  • It’s common for the rows to back up a bit if your team has the ball. This is the best time to get ready for an attack. Move forward if you don’t have the ball.


Step 6:

You should continue playing until the threshold is reached. How many points we will allow for each game can be decided by you. When a team earns 15 points you can start a new game. This is very important in how to play volleyball.


Volleyball Playing methods (Learning the shots):


Step 1:

Volleyball StancesLearning the basic stance: You need to understand that when you are not serving its common to take a stance from the volleyball basics. Yourfeet should be placed in such a way that they are wider than your shoulders. Your knees should be bent and the whole body weight should be concentrated on your toes as you bent forward. Your arms should be free and it is in front of you. These are some of the basic body postures involved in volleyball techniques that are followed for playing a good game.


Step 2:

Practicing your serve well: In volleyball basics, serving the ball from anywhere behind the serve line and gets your ball over the net in the opponent player’s court and the rally is started. A serve immediately helps in scoring a point and is known as “Ace”.
How to serve a Volleyball

Overhanded serve: for experienced players, they can try this type of serve:

  • Toss the ball.

  • Raise your hand which is dominant in the air, bend the elbow to bring it closer to your shoulder.

  • Then straighten your elbow to strike the ball with the outside part of your hand

Underhand serve: For less experienced players, they can use this type of serve:

  • In front of you, hold the ball out in your hand.

  • Then you make a fist and pull your dominant hand down by your side. The elbow should be bent slightly and you should keep your thumbs stretched across your fingers.

  • Using the front side of the fist strike the ball from the level of your waist.

  • The ball should hit the fist, against the index finger and the bent thumb.


Step 3:

Volleyball BumpingBumping” the ball: This is one the commonly used volleyball techniques, which is used to return a serve. How to play volleyball using a bump includes the following volleyball techniques:

  • Bring your arms together. They should be straight and away from your body. Knees should be bent.

  • A platform should be created by our forearms where the ball comes into contact.

  • We should not use fists or wrists to hit the ball. The contact should be made almost about 6 inches above the wrists.

  • We should not swing the arms and just let the ball make the contact.


Step 4:

Volleyball SetterSetting”: we use the set when we want to get the ball into the air and make another player to strike it or bump it. Volleyball techniques to set the ball:

  • Bring your hands together

  • We have to put our hands together in such a way that our finger tips should touch

  • We have to form a triangle with our thumbs and index fingers by opening up our hands.

  • Bring your fingers apart and to a distance that would be perfect for the placement of the ball.


Step 5:

Volleyball SpikingSpiking” the ball: Spiking is an important aspect in how to play volleyball. This is also known as “attack” the volleyball basics to play the spike are as follows:

  • Lift your dominant hand to approach the ball. Hand is curved in shape of the ball with the elbow bent.

  • You should jump to reach as high as you can to gain maximum power to hit the ball with your palm so that It travels across the net and is grounded on the opponent team’s court.


Step 6:

Volleyball BlockingBlocking” is one of the vital volleyball basics one should master. There are mainly two types of blocking:

  • Offensive block:The blocker aims to keep the ball on the opponent’s court. In this case the ball can be sent straight to the opponent’s ground in his/her court if the timing is accurate to jump up, properly predicting the trajectory of the ball and then slamming it back.

  • Defensive block: This is called the soft block because it is used only to stop the power from behind the ball so that it is easier to send the ball back. The ball is made to hit the blockers palm, then it loses power by rolling over the fingertips and another player receives it.


Step 7:

Volleyball DigDig”: This is one of the volleyball techniques that requires great reflexes and agility. The digger saves the ball just right before it is going to hit the ground.

  • In digging, players have their arms stretched out and they land on their chests. If this is done wrongly the digger might get injured so it should be done safely. To minimise the risk of injury experienced diggers should employ rolling technique.


Role of Volleyball Players:


– Outside hitter

An outside hitter or left side hitter is a player who takes the position of front left side of the volleyball court, hits and blocks the ball from that position. On offense, the outside hitter is the main go-to-hitter and one of the main passers who pass the ball. He swings to hit the ball that approaches from outside of the court. This is one of the volleyball positions techniques that enhances the play of the team and can be very beneficial

– Libero

Libero is a player who plays in defense from the back row and wears and opposite coloured jersey. He specialises in passing the ball received from pass, setting, digging, and free ball passing. He/ she is mainly a defensive specialist. This position was added to the game in 1999 to improvise the rally and digging skills and make the game more exciting. The libero should be master in volleyball basics.

The libero is not regulated by the rules of rotation and he remains in the game all the time. He / she takes the position of the middle blocker when they rotate to the back row and they cannot again rotate back to the front row. The person is chosen as a libero in the very beginning of the match or the tournament and no one can replace the libero for the entire match or tournament once chosen unless the libero is injured. If the libero is injured he/she is replaced by a player not present in the court. But then the new player should remain the libero for the rest of the match/tournament.

– Setter

Setter is the player whose main responsibility is to hit the ball in second contact and strike the ball to the teammate for further attack. Thus he should know how to play volleyball properly with all its basics and fundamentals. The person is totally In charge of the offense. The setter decides when and who should get the ball. It is a very important position in this game. No matter how well skilled are the hitters but if there is not any good setter who can deliver good ball to hit then the team’s chances to lose will be maximum and they will have not have a good offense.

Apart from these important players there are Substitute players like the Defensive Specialist whose functions are same as the libero.International rules says that there can be only 6 players and the game allows unlimited substitutions.


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